Contract Textile Terms Glossary
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The amount of stretch or dimensional change that occurs in the direction of a force or load that is applied to fiber, yarn, or fabric. Elongation is typically expressed as a percentage of the original length of the specimen when measured at a specified load level or at the specimen's breaking point. Several test methods can be used to determine the elongation characteristic of a fabric, including the breaking strength test (ASTM D5034) and variations of that test.
The process of passing fabric through engraved, heated rollers to impart patterns onto the surface of the fabric.
A single warp yarn. Warp ends are counted by the number of ends in an inch of cloth, hence the term "ends per inch."
The actual user of a specified product.
A fabric with short, uncut, looped pile.